Mentor’s Handbook in the field of Mechanical Engineering, Metalworking and Metallurgy - Innovative materials for mentors are being developed
Mentor’s education and qualification are varying between different countries but social, communicative and organizational competences are general for mentors in companies from all around the world.
A successful mentor must have a set of skills. Even though in most countries there is not requirement for certain education and qualification, the mentor should work hard for the continuous development and improvement of his/her social and organizational competences.
It’s his/her duty to help students fit into the work environment and to make a smooth transition from a school to a workplace. He/she must be empathic and emotionally intelligent person and must be a reliable source of support, encourage and a source of good professional advice.
Here’re the 3 different types of competences that must possess every mentor in 3M sector:
- Social competence – includes many different competences such as good listening skills, good communication skills, ability to share experience, ability to show enthusiasm and responsibility, ability to stick to the theory of equality, ability to stay creative and positive, provide guidance and advice etc.
- Communicative competence – also includes many competences such as active listening, providing information as effective speech, questioning, providing feedback, nonverbal communication, ability to build relationships, ability to motivate trainees, ability to set goals, ability to determine conflicts
- Organizational competences – includes a variety of competences such as analytical thinking, planning and organizing, making decisions, using initiative, coaching ability, delegation of authority, creativity and innovation and etc.
Mentors are in charge of activities which can be divided into three groups: before, during and after the training in real working environment. Their role is significant at all stages of practical training.